Metastatic rhabdomyosarcoma of the thyroid gland, a case report
1 Surgical oncology unit, Oncology center, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
2 Pathology Department, Mansoura Faculty of Medicine, Surgical oncology unit, Oncology center, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
Head & Neck Oncology 2012, 4:27 doi:10.1186/1758-3284-4-27Published: 29 May 2012
The thyroid gland is a known but an unusual site for metastatic tumors from various primary sites. Despite the fact that it is one of the largest vascular organs in the body, clinical and surgical cases have given an incidence of 3 % of secondary malignances of the organ. Nevertheless, thyroid metastases are not an exceptional finding at autopsy, they are encountered in 2 % to 24 % of the patients with malignant neoplasm.
Soft tissue sarcomas metastatic to the thyroid are extremely rare as the majority of thyroid metastasis are caused by tumors of the kidneys, lungs, mammary glands, ovaries , and colon or by melanomas.
We report a case of 22-years-old woman with right leg rhabdomyosarcoma metastatic to the thyroid gland.